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Download The Iranian Revolution (Milestones in Modern World History) by Heather Lehr Wagner PDF

By Heather Lehr Wagner

On January sixteen, 1979, the shah of Iran left the rustic he had governed for greater than 37 years. The streets of Tehran, Iran's capital, full of get together because the information unfold that the hated monarchy have been overthrown. The revolution in Iran, led via Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, used to be sparked by means of many components, together with a widening hole among different periods of Iranian society, an competitive crusade of modernization, an formidable software of land reform, and the brutality of the shah's oppressive regime. within the Iranian Revolution, examine how the revolution's position in propelling Iran from a monarchy to a theocracy dramatically altered existence in Iran, and the way its aftermath maintains to form the politics of the center East this day.

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Water from the melting snow of the Zagros Mountains provided all that the village needed, and the land around Khomein was marked by orchards, land for grazing, and farmland dotted with fields of grain. The goods moving along the trade route kept the village market supplied. On the eastern edge of the village stood a house with a large garden. It was here that Ruhollah Khomeini was born on September 24, 1902. Members of his family believed they were directly descended from the prophet Muhammad; Ruhollah’s father, Mostafa, was a senior cleric in Iran’s Shiite hierarchy.

The shah believed that the situation would prove similar to the crisis in the 1950s when he had briefly left Iran for Italy—he would spend a short time in the United States until events in Iran settled down. S. officials to discuss how they could assist him in reestablishing control in his country. American officials sensed that this would not be a temporary situation, but instead that the shah needed to be replaced.

Finally, Iranian government officials began to pressure the Iraqi government to silence Khomeini. The Iraqi government was willing to cooperate—there was a large Shiite population in Iraq, and there was concern that Khomeini’s talk urging the overthrow of the government might stir up protests in Iraq as well as Iran. In October 1978, the Iraqi government expelled Khomeini. He sought refuge in Kuwait but was refused entry. He next turned to France. France’s president, Valery Giscard d’Estaing, asked the shah if he would object to France allowing Khomeini to enter the country.

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