By International Atomic Energy Agency
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Extra info for Safe Decommissioning for Nuclear Activities : proceedings of an International Conference on Safe Decommissioning for Nuclear Activities, held in Berlin, 14-18 October 2002
Morocco and Nigeria are both currently constructing research reactors, whereas Jordan and Tunisia have one each in the planning stages. Pool type reactors are the most common, with TRIGA and Miniature Neutron Source Reactors (MNSR) being popular. The reactors are mainly used for academic, research, industrial and agricultural purposes. The nature of the ancillary facilities is uncertain in most instances, but they are likely to include analytical, isotope production and hot cell facilities. TABLE III.
This is a huge effort, as is known from countries working on this task. Other countries have not progressed in cleaning up their respective situations. What is to be done in such situations? I believe the essential needs should be identified and prioritized as a prerequisite for international assistance. OPENING SESSION 31 The deferral of decommissioning by many decades or even by one or more centuries leads to another problem of funding. Even if funds are available when a facility is being shut down, it is not at all clear that they will be available when needed for decommissioning in the far distant future.
As far as these decommissioning liabilities are concerned sufficient provision is being made by the electricity utility, Eskom, for future decommissioning as well as spent fuel management. e. 36%) in the region. There are 23 research reactors, of which 19 have been commissioned (both operating and shut down). Two are currently under construction and a further two are in the planning stages. From the available information there appears to be very little planning for the future decommissioning of these reactors and their support facilities.