By Roderick M. Chisholm (auth.), Radu J. Bogdan (eds.)
The target of this sequence is to notify either specialist philosophers and a bigger readership (of social and normal scientists, methodologists, mathematicians, scholars, lecturers, publishers, and so on. ) approximately what's going, who is who, and who does what in modern philosophy and good judgment. PROFILES is designed to give the study task and the result of already striking personalities and colleges and of newly rising ones within the a number of fields of philosophy and good judgment. there are numerous Festschrift volumes devoted to a variety of philosophers. there's the prestigious Library oj residing Phi/osophers edited by means of P. A. Schilpp whose structure motivated the current company. nonetheless they could purely disguise little or no of the modern philosophical scene. confronted with a massive growth of philosophical info and with a nearly scary department of work and extending specialization we'd like systematic and commonplace methods of maintaining a tally of wh at occurs within the occupation. seasoned documents is meant to accomplish one of these functionality. every one quantity is dedicated to at least one or numerous philosophers whose perspectives and effects are provided and mentioned. The profiled philosopher(s) will summarize and evaluation his (their) personal paintings in most cases fields of signifi cant contribution. This paintings could be mentioned and evaluated by way of invited individuals. proper ancient and/or biographical information, an up-to date bibliography with brief abstracts of an important works and, every time attainable, references to major stories and discussions may also be included.
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Additional resources for Roderick M. Chisholm
It presupposes (1) that the inquirer can find out the answers to these questions, (2) that knowledge is justified true belief, and (3) that a belief may be justified and yet not true, and a belief may be true and yet not justified. ) The third presupposition makes it difficult if not impossible to construe the relevant sense of "justify" in terms of reliability. For it is difficult if not impossible to formulate a 37 RODERICK M. CHISHOLM definition of "reliability" which will not require us to say, of every true belief, that it is arrived at by means of a reliable procedure.
If we can say that a person is in astate that is intrinsically good, then: (1) there are certain properties that are essential to that state and only to that state; (2) these properties will not include any normative pro- 39 RODERICK M. CHISHOLM perties; but (3) they will be necessarily such that having them is intrinsically good. These non-normative propertics might inc\ude, for exampie, being in astate of pleasure, or exercising a certain virtue, or even just being conscious. Consider now any epistemic property - say, being such that it is reasonable to judge that there are many people in the room.
Then we could go on to say that a property is an attribute which could be exemplified: it is an attribute which is possibly such that there is something that exemplifies it. This would not reflect any distinction in the actual uses of the words, "attribute" and "property". But it would simplify our discussion of ontology. Such a distinction would make use of three undefined concepts, two of them metaphysical and one of them intentional. The two metaphysical concepts are that of exemplijying ("x exemplifies y") and that of de re necessity ("x is necessarily such that it is F").