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Download Eyewitness Companions: Philosophy (EYEWITNESS COMPANION by Stephen Law PDF

By Stephen Law

Protecting not just the historical past of Western concept, but additionally the traditions of japanese philosophy and faculties of concept from the Indian subcontinent, this significant other combines philosophical research with historic and biographical info to provide an explanation for and discover the foremost concerns, theories, and difficulties on the middle of all philosophies.

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Extra info for Eyewitness Companions: Philosophy (EYEWITNESS COMPANION GUIDES)

Example text

But it doesn’t follow Can such an appeal to that in order for us to have the “everyday language” be made idea of imperfection, something to work against scepticism? It perfect must actually exist. seems not. Sceptics argue that Likewise, we cannot infer that even in such typical cases of we do know some things “knowledge,” we are making an simply because scepticism unjustified assumption. They raises the possibility that we claim it is a condition of knowing may be in error. things about the world that we DOUBTING DOUBT know appearance is a good guide to reality.

Evidence does not Knowledge, then, needs some kind of normally provide us support, some reason for thinking that with a logical a proposition we believe in is true—in guarantee that our short, it needs to be justified. belief is true. SCEPTICISM 51 The peculiarity of philosophical doubt Philosophical doubt arises when we start to reflect on how we know what we think we know. Take my belief that I have two hands. Why do I believe this? Well, I can feel them, and I can see them. However, couldn’t my experience be deceptive?

50 KNOWLEDGE SCEPTICISM Scepticism is the view that while we may have any number of beliefs, in fact we know very little, if anything—and certainly far less than we usually think we know. Some of the world’s greatest philosophers have championed scepticism, presenting powerful arguments in its favor. Belief and knowledge We intuitively make a distinction But what is justification? A standard between belief and knowledge. ” To have can have false beliefs. But if you know evidence for a belief, you need some some proposition, p, then p must be true.

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