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10)]. Further, it is possible to add a foreign salt BHA sufficiently concentrated and sufficiently dissociated so that the ion A~ concentration is constant. Then we have, even if the dissociation of IHA and H A is significant, A = constant — log c and, if the concentration of A~ is quite high, Kc and KA <^ [A~] where A x — pKi — log c For the indirect determination of pK of a base using an indicator I, the general formula is K 1 + —c^ ~ [A + l o g - ^ _ - Jog- A = pK-pKl C BHA ! , ] ^C 1 + [A-] where cB is the concentration of B, C BH A the concentration of its salt (BHA + BH+), and Kc and KQ are the ionic dissociation constants: v [IH+] [A-] [IHA] [BH+] [A~] [BHA] 2 CRS 34 CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN SOLVENTS AND MELTS It can be shown as before that [B] and [BHA] must be sufficiently concentrated to prevent appreciable dissociation of BHA and IHA.