By Kaaryn S. Gustafson
Over the past 3 many years, welfare rules were proficient via renowned ideals that welfare fraud is rampant. hence, welfare rules became extra punitive and the limits among the welfare process and the legal justice method have blurred--so a lot in order that in a few locales prosecution caseloads for welfare fraud exceed welfare caseloads. in truth, a few recipients control the welfare procedure for his or her personal ends, others are gravely damage by means of punitive guidelines, and nonetheless others fall someplace in between.In dishonest Welfare, Kaaryn S. Gustafson endeavors to resolve those grey components via delivering insights into the historical past, social development, and lived event of welfare. She indicates why dishonest is all yet inevitable--not simply because bad individuals are immoral, yet simply because traditional contributors navigating advanced structures of principles tend to develop into entangled regardless of their top efforts. via an exam of the development of the crime we all know as welfare fraud, which she bases on in-depth interviews with welfare recipients in Northern California, Gustafson demanding situations readers to question their assumptions approximately welfare guidelines, welfare recipients, and crime keep watch over within the usa.
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Additional info for Cheating Welfare: Public Assistance and the Criminalization of Poverty
The focus, then, was not on the pathologies of poor individuals or families but on the risks of both economic instability and government intrusion, risks over which individuals and families had no control. The grassroots movements for welfare rights arose among low-income mothers, mostly women of color, in urban areas (Kornbluh 2007). Local welfare rights groups arose almost simultaneously in a number of cities spanning the United States, including Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oakland, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Roxbury (Bailis 1974, 11; Cloward and Piven 1966, 513; Jackson and Johnson 1973, 22, 103; Pope 1989, 40-51; West 1981, 22).
Reich’s central idea was that individuality, in terms of liberty and self-expression, is tied up with possession and control of property. The article began: “The institution called property guards the troubled boundary between individual man and the state. It is not the only guardian; many other institutions, laws, and practices serve as well. But in a society that chiefly values material well-being, the power to control a particular portion of that well-being is the very foundation of individuality” (733).
Welfare offices in many states and locales adopted “suitable home” and “substitute parent” rules, essentially morality standards that were arbitrarily and discriminatorily applied and that commonly excluded women of color from the welfare rolls, especially in the South (Bell 1965, 76). Notwithstanding a 1961 rule issued by the secretary of Health, Education and Welfare barring the arbitrary application of “suitable home” requirements, many welfare offices continued to engage in midnight raids on the homes of ADC recipients in order to police “man in the house” rules (Reich 1965, 1248; Handler and Hasenfeld 2007, 164).