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Download The History of al-Ṭabarī, Vol. 15: The Crisis of the Early by R. Stephen Humphreys PDF

By R. Stephen Humphreys

Prior to the caliphate of the 'Uthman b. 'Affan, the Muslim group had grown from energy to energy despite a sequence of significant crises--the Hirah, the dying of the Prophet, the Riddah wars, the assassination of 'Umar by means of a Persian slave. yet 'Uthman's reign led to disaster. His lack of ability to control the social and political conflicts that have been now rising between quite a few factions in the neighborhood ended in his demise by the hands of Muslim rebels. the implications of this tragic occasion have been sour: not just a century of civil warfare, but in addition political and non secular schisms of such intensity that they have got now not been fullyyt healed even now. so much medieval Muslim historians advised this tale in an openly partisan demeanour, yet al-Tabari calls for extra of his readers. to start with, they need to make a decision for themselves, at the foundation of hugely ambigous facts, even if 'Uthman's demise was once tyrannicide or homicide. yet, greater than that, they need to ask how any such factor may have occurred in any respect; what had the Muslims performed to lead to the near-destruction in their neighborhood?

Al-Tabari provides this problem inside of a vast framework. For, even whereas the inner hindrance that issued in 'Uthman's loss of life used to be coming to a head, the wars opposed to Byzantium and Persia persevered. the 1st expeditions into North Africa, the conquest of Cyprus, the temporary destruction of the Byzantine fleet on the conflict of the Masts, the bloody campaigns in Armenia, the Caucasus, and Khurasan are all right here, in narratives that shift continuously among tough reporting and pious legend. Muslim forces preserve the offensive, yet there are not any less difficult victories; henceforth, soreness and patience could be the hallmarks of the hero. so much evocative within the mild of 'Uthman's destiny is the relocating account of the homicide of the final Sasanian king, Yazdagird III--a guy betrayed by means of his nobles and topics, yet so much of all by way of his personal personality.

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Download Beirut by Samir Kassir PDF

By Samir Kassir

Extensively praised because the definitive heritage of Beirut, this is often the tale of a urban that has stood on the crossroads of Mediterranean civilization for greater than 4 thousand years. The final significant paintings accomplished by means of Samir Kassir sooner than his tragic demise in 2005, Beirut is a travel de strength that takes the reader from the traditional to the trendy global, supplying a stunning landscape of the city's Seleucid, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and French incarnations. Kassir vividly describes Beirut's fabulous progress within the 19th and 20th centuries, targeting its emergence after the second one international conflict as a sophisticated capital until eventually its close to destruction in the course of the devastating Lebanese civil battle of 1975-1990. Generously illustrated and eloquently written, Beirut illuminates modern problems with modernity and democracy whereas whilst memorably recreating the ambience of 1 of the world's such a lot picturesque, dynamic, and resilient towns.

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Download Saddam's War: An Iraqi Mililtary Perspective of the by Kevin M. Woods PDF

By Kevin M. Woods

 When classes realized from the key strive against operations part of operation Iraqi Freedom have been briefed to the nation’s most sensible leaders, the query was once asked:

“How did occasions resulting in the autumn of Saddam Hussein’s regime glance from the Iraqi  perspective?” that question was once posed to the Joint complicated Warfighting Program at the Institute for cover analyses (IDA), triggering the Iraqi views undertaking (IPP),  a study attempt subsidized by way of the U.S. Joint Forces command that has added numerous volumes of study and helping fabrics, with extra in production.

The IPP is such as an attempt began in 1946, while a staff of U.S. military historians and intelligence officials validated a dating with former participants of the German normal employees to enhance an knowing of primary occasions from an surprising perspective. This quantity marks the extension of that very same method below a distinct sponsor, the nationwide Intelligence Council, to surround a broader spectrum of heart jap army historical past from the viewpoint of Lieutenant normal Ra’ad Hamdani, who in the course of operation Iraqi Freedom commanded Saddam Hussein’s II Republican protect Corps.

Interviewed over a few days through undertaking chief Kevin Woods and historian Williamson “Wick” Murray, common Hamdani shared his wisdom a few wide selection of matters, with specific emphasis on his stories in Iraq’s lengthy warfare opposed to Iran.

The project’s target was once to supply a sequence of non-public, organizational, and crusade histories of up to date Iraq.   This quantity is the 1st in that sequence, supplied with the wish that it'll enhance our figuring out of heart jap army idea, the recent Iraqi army, neighboring international locations, and the dynamics of a area of the area that's important to U.S. interests.

Topics of the discussions themselves ranged from the quick tactical results of specific activities within the Iran-Iraq battle, to the interaction among the necessities of tyrannies (religious in addition to secular) to regulate their political destiny, to the calls for of army companies for professionally powerfuble officials who comprehend strategies and operations and who're capable and keen to supply sincere judgments of what's occurring or may take place at the battlefield. In that appreciate, Ayatollah Rhollah Khomeini’s Iran and Saddam’s Iraq exhibited massive similarities, even if Saddam now and then proved a speedier learner—at least over the process his struggle opposed to Iran. at the contrary facet, Khomeini and his fellow non secular leaders seem to have clung, during to the conflict’s finish, to their trust that spiritual fanaticism and progressive spirit may conquer all. 

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Download Iran, A Country Study by Federal Research Division PDF

By Federal Research Division

Iran's destiny direction within the overdue Eighties hinged upon a couple of components. those incorporated the smoothness with which it'd be capable of make the transition to Ayatollah Khomeini's successor; the period, expense, and cost phrases of the struggle with Iraq; the course of Iran's overseas coverage, in relation either to the superpowers and to the rest of the area, really the international locations of the zone; and the ability of Iranian technocrats in taking the mandatory steps to handle the country's monetary problems.

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Download Scars of War, Wounds of Peace: The Israeli-Arab Tragedy by Shlomo Ben-Ami PDF

By Shlomo Ben-Ami

Former Israeli overseas Minister Shlomo Ben-Ami was once a key determine within the Camp David negotiations and plenty of different rounds of peace talks, public and mystery, with Palestinian and Arab officers. the following he bargains an unflinching account of the Arab-Israeli clash, trained through his firsthand wisdom of the main characters and events.

Clear-eyed and unsparing, Ben-Ami strains the twists and turns of the center East clash and provides us behind-the-scenes debts of the conferences in Oslo, Madrid, and Camp David. the writer paints really trenchant images of key figures from Ben-Gurion to invoice Clinton. he's hugely severe of either Ariel Sharon and the past due Yasser Arafat, seeing Arafat's rejection of Clinton's peace plan as against the law opposed to the Palestinian humans. the writer is usually serious of President Bush's heart East coverage, which he calls "a presumptuous grand strategy." alongside the best way, Ben-Ami highlights the numerous errors on either side, describing for example how the nice victory of the Six Day warfare introduced many Israelis on a misbegotten "messianic" dream of controlling the entire Biblical Jewish lands, which merely served to make the Palestinian challenge a lot worse. against this, it has merely been while Israel has suffered setbacks that it has made strikes in the direction of peace. the easiest desire for the sector, he concludes, is to create a world mandate within the Palestinian territories that may result in the implementation of Clinton's two-state peace parameters.

Scars of struggle, Wounds of Peace is a tremendous paintings of history--with via a long way the main reasonable and balanced critique of Israel ever to return from certainly one of its key officers. This paperback version encompasses a new Epilogue via the writer that includes an research of the latest occasions within the Israeli-Arab state of affairs, from the disappearance of Ariel Sharon from public lifestyles to the emergence of Hamas and Israel's fresh struggle opposed to Hizballah. it truly is an absolute must-read for everybody who desires to comprehend the dynamics of the Arab-Israeli clash.

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Download A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard PDF

By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard

The six volumes of A background of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.

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Download Understanding the U.S. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan by Beth Bailey, Richard H. Immerman PDF

By Beth Bailey, Richard H. Immerman

Realizing the U.S.’ wars in Iraq and Afghanistan is key to knowing the us within the first decade of the hot millennium and past. those wars have been pivotal to American international coverage and diplomacy. They have been dear: in lives, in treasure, and in popularity. They raised severe moral and criminal questions; they provoked debates over coverage, technique, and war-planning; they helped to form American household politics. and so they highlighted a profound department one of the American humans: whereas greater than million american citizens served in Iraq and Afghanistan, many in a number of deployments, the majority of american citizens and their households remained untouched via and regularly slightly conscious of the wars performed of their identify, faraway from American seashores, in areas approximately which they be aware of little.

Understanding the U.S. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan offers us the 1st book-length specialist ancient research of those wars. It indicates us how they all started, what they educate us in regards to the limits of the yankee army and international relations, and who fought them. It examines the teachings and legacies of wars whose results is probably not transparent for many years.

In 1945 few americans may well think that the rustic will be locked in a chilly warfare with the Soviet Union for many years; fewer may possibly think how historical past might paint the period. realizing the U.S. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan starts to return to grips with the interval whilst the United States turned enmeshed in a succession of “low depth” conflicts within the center East.

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Download The Iranian Revolution (Milestones in Modern World History) by Heather Lehr Wagner PDF

By Heather Lehr Wagner

On January sixteen, 1979, the shah of Iran left the rustic he had governed for greater than 37 years. The streets of Tehran, Iran's capital, full of get together because the information unfold that the hated monarchy have been overthrown. The revolution in Iran, led via Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, used to be sparked by means of many components, together with a widening hole among different periods of Iranian society, an competitive crusade of modernization, an formidable software of land reform, and the brutality of the shah's oppressive regime. within the Iranian Revolution, examine how the revolution's position in propelling Iran from a monarchy to a theocracy dramatically altered existence in Iran, and the way its aftermath maintains to form the politics of the center East this day.

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Download Ben-Gurion: A Political Life by Shimon Peres PDF

By Shimon Peres

Israel’s present president provides us a dramatic and revelatory biography of Israel’s founding father and primary best minister.

Shimon Peres used to be in his early twenties whilst he first met David Ben-Gurion. even if the nation that Ben-Gurion may lead via warfare and peace had no longer but declared its precarious independence, the “Old Man,” as he was once referred to as even then, was once already a mythic determine. Peres, who got here of age within the cupboards of Ben-Gurion, is uniquely positioned to rouse this determine of stirring contradictions—a prophetic visionary and a canny pragmatist who early grasped the need of compromise for nationwide survival. Ben-Gurion supported the 1947 United countries Partition Plan for Palestine, even though it intended surrendering a two-thousand-year-old dream of Jewish payment within the whole land of Israel. He granted the Orthodox their first exemptions from army carrier regardless of his personal deep secular commitments, and he reached out to Germany within the aftermath of the Holocaust, realizing that Israel would want as many powerful alliances as attainable in the ecu community.

A protégé of Ben-Gurion and himself a mythical determine at the foreign political degree, Shimon Peres brings to his account of Ben-Gurion’s lifestyles and towering achievements the profound perception of a statesman who stocks Ben-Gurion’s dream of a contemporary, democratic Jewish geographical region that lives in peace and safeguard along its Arab associates. In Ben-Gurion, Peres sees a ignored version of management that Israel and the area desperately desire within the twenty-first century.

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