By J. F. Haldon
This ebook provides the 1st analytical account in English of significant advancements inside Byzantine tradition, society and the nation within the an important formative interval from c.610-717. The 7th century observed the ultimate cave in of historical city civilization and municipal tradition, the increase of Islam, the evolution of styles of idea and social constitution that made imperial iconoclasm attainable, and the advance of nation apparatuses--military, civil and fiscal--typical of the center Byzantine nation. additionally, in this interval, orthodox Christianity ultimately grew to become the unquestioned dominant tradition and a non secular framework of trust (to the exclusion of other platforms, which have been henceforth marginalized or proscribed).
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Extra info for Byzantium in the Seventh Century: The Transformation of a Culture (Revised edition)
And map V: pp. 841-7: Haldon, Some Considerations, 79-80. Por the distribution of cities relative to their geographical hinterland, see Hendy, Studies, pp. 78=-90 (Balkans) and pp. 90ff. (Anatolla). The technology of agricultural production Is equally Important In this context, of course, although I will not discuss lt In detail here. D. D. White, Roman Farming (London 1970); and esp. M. Bryer, 'Byzantine agricultural Implements: the evidence of medieval Illustrations of Heslod's Worb and Days', ABSA 81 (1986), 45-80.
A second element of the ideological equation was likewise not to be realised in practical terms: for while Justinian saw his role and that of any Roman emperor as entailing the liberation of orthodox subject-populations in the West from the rule of heretics, the practicalities of finance and politics meant that he was unable to put his theory into practice. But his position was made abundantly clear in several contemporary statements. notably at the beginning of the Corpus luris Civilis: Through the might of God we rule the empire, which was passed on to us by the heavenly majesty: we wage wars with success, secure peace, and we maintain the edifice of the state.
See F. Tinnefeld. Kategorien der Kaiserkritik in der byzantinischen Historiographie (Munich 1971), pp. , and J. Irmscher. 'Justinianbild und Justiniankritik im friihen Byzanz', ln 22 Byzantium in the seventh century situation became clear to most only during the reigns of his successors, who had to struggle with a situation they had inherited and on the whole did so with only limited success. The reconquest of the West had farreaching consequences for the history of Western Europe and Italy as well as for Byzantium.