By Jordi Gual
This succinct survey contains crucial fiscal coverage matters dealing with eu governments and enterprise as they attempt to revive development to the region's flagging financial system. even supposing written commonly in a non technical variety, the booklet includes many of the sharpest research to be had of the industrial difficulties presently dealing with Europe's coverage makers and is vital studying for educational or specialist readers attracted to ecu fiscal improvement.
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Additional resources for Building a Dynamic Europe: The Key Policy Debates
We can only rely on the predictions of theory (and empirical evidence) but cannot be certain that Europarties will discipline their representatives as well as one would hope. In a parliamentary system, voting discipline is crucial for political stability, since the survival of the executive depends on it. In a presidential system, it is less important. This is an additional argument in favour of a presidential system. As shown in Noury and Roland (2002) and in Hix, Noury and Roland (2002), voting discipline in the European Parliament is currently already comparable to that in the US Congress, but is still significantly below that in parliamentary democracies.
In the current debate in the Convention, it seems that the most likely direction is a parliamentary model. Indeed, as seen above, the main debate on the appointment of the European executive is between intergovernmentalists, who wish to have a president of the European Council elected by the Council, and the federalists, who generally wish to have the president of the Commission elected by the European Parliament. Various proposals routinely include the right of the Parliament (and sometimes also of the Council) to censure the Commission.
The electorate would also have the power to punish Europarties that have misbehaved in power. More power to the European Parliament should have the effect of increasing cohesion of ‘Europarties’ inside the EP as suggested by the econometric evidence (Noury and Roland, 2002). Representation of European socioeconomic groups, capital, labour and the middle class would thus be better assured. Electoral campaigns would put forward EU-wide issues of interest to the broadest categories of voters. Representation of countries would still be assured in two ways: (a) the veto power in the Council with supermajority thresholds; (b) country representation in the Commission as decided in Nice.