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The guide for Johnson's group was the noted scout Erastus "Deaf" Smith, and the guide for Milam's group was Hendrick Arnold. " Sometime before January 4, 1836, Hendrick Arnold married the stepdaughter of his friend "Deaf" Smith. She was from San Antonio and was of Anglo-Mexican ancestry. In the siege and capture of Bexar, December 310, 1835, Hendrick Arnold distinguished himself for bravery and fighting ability, as the following account of that desperate undertaking shows: The siege was continued until December 3, when it appeared to be about to end in disorder.

McCullough paid dearly for this unique distinction, as his shattered shoulder left him a helpless invalid for nearly a year and handicapped for life. The wound in his right shoulder entitled McCullough to a bounty grant of one league of land in 1838. In 1840, he and his sisters were exempted from the order compelling free African Americans to leave Texas. Despite his crippled shoulder, McCullough participated in the Plum Creek Fight in 1840 and was sent as a spy into San Antonio after its capture by Mexican General Adrian Woll in 1842.

This permission was granted in a number of cases to freedmen who had played important roles in the Revolution. Others remained illegally, but social attitudes changed more slowly than laws, and they were unmolested for a period of time. Free African Americans in the Republic of Texas The laws under the Republic of Texas mandated that free persons of color who were determined to have one-eighth African or mixed blood could not vote, own property, testify in court against Anglos, or engage in interracial marriages.

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