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Download Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering by Fernando Pacheco Torgal, J. A. Labrincha, M. V. Diamanti, PDF

By Fernando Pacheco Torgal, J. A. Labrincha, M. V. Diamanti, C.-P. Yu, H. K. Lee (eds.)

Putting ahead an cutting edge method of fixing present technological difficulties confronted by means of human society, this e-book contains a holistic manner of perceiving the potential for traditional structures. Nature has built numerous fabrics and tactics which either keep an optimum functionality and also are completely biodegradable, houses that are utilized in civil engineering.

Delivering the most recent examine findings to construction pros and different practitioners, in addition to containing info precious to the general public, ‘Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering’ serves as an enormous device to take on the demanding situations of a extra sustainable development and the way forward for buildings.

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Extra info for Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering

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Ivanov et al. MICP is developing and testing in the field mainly for numerous geotechnical applications (Seagren and Aydilek 2010; DeJong et al. 2010, 2013; Sarayu et al. 2014): to enhance stability of the slopes and dams (van Paassen et al. 2010; Harkes et al. 2010); for road construction and prevention of soil erosion (Mitchell and Santamarina 2005; Whiffin et al. 2007; Ivanov and Chu 2008; Ivanov 2010); for the construction of the channels, aquaculture ponds, or reservoirs in sandy soil (Chu et al.

The soil treated using iron based biocement is not as strong as that treated using calcium based biocement (Ivanov et al. 2012a) but the clogging effect of precipitated iron hydroxide is higher than that of calcium carbonate (Fig. 8). Precipitation of ferric and manganese hydroxide from chelates of Fe2+ and Mn2+ for soil bioclogging can be done using neutrophilic iron-oxidizing bacteria. For example, precipitation of iron/manganese minerals by iron-oxidizing bacteria Leptothrix discophora is a promising technology for modifying engineering soil properties and mitigating geologic hazards (Weaver et al.

2/m3 of N2. 31/m3 of saturated soil. However, even stoichiometrical and economic parameters of the electron donors are similar, ethanol could be more preferable electron donor then acetic acid or glucose sirup for geotechnical applications because it is liquid with neutral pH and not corrosive substance with low viscosity. Biocementation of loose sand using a MICP process to increase the liquefaction resistance of sand has also been reported by DeJong et al. (2006), Montoya et al. (2012). It was shown (Montoya et al.

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