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Download Biocultural Diversity in Europe (Environmental History, PDF

The booklet collects a variety of the papers offered on the assembly held within the context of the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural variety (JP-BiCuD). spotting the inextricable hyperlink among organic and cultural variety, the United international locations academic medical and Cultural association (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the conference on organic variety (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 introduced the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). the 1st assembly for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was once held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence statement, which highlights the idea that of biocultural range. the ecu rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional panorama, delivering a vital and powerful house for integration of organic and cultural variety, suggesting the necessity to revise the various present thoughts for the evaluation and administration of biodiversity.

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One of the most complex, for example, being the alberata (Desplanques 1959) in Central Italy, a mixed cultural system that trains grapevines on living trees (Agnoletti 2013). In Southern Italy, exstraordinary examples of coltura promiscua wich still survive are the terraced almond orchards of Gargano (Apulia) and the carob orchards of the province of Ragusa (South-eastern Sicily) (Barbera et al. 2010). Further development, both in terms of biodiversity and cultivation techniques, would come to the Mediterranean polycultural and polyspecific garden and its relative landscape, from the Arabic agricultural revolution between the ninth and twelfth centuries.

On the relationship between α, β and γ diversity. Ecol Lett 3:73–76 Loreau M, Mouquet N, Gonzalez A (2010) Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes. Nat Acad Sci 100(22):12765–12770 Marull J, Tello E, Fullana N, Murray I, Jover G, Font C, Coll F, Domene E, Le V, Decolli T (2015) Long-term socio-ecological transition at different spatial scales: exploring the intermediate disturbance hypothesis in cultural landscapes (Mallorca, 1856-2012). Biodiv Conserv 24. 1007/s10531-015-0969-6 Parrotta J, Trosper RL (2012) Traditional forest-related knowledge: sustaining communities, ecosystems and biocultural diversity.

In Blondel and Aronson 1999) that a peri-urban landscape made up of cultivated fields and fruit orchards alternating with wooded areas, such as those that can still be seen today in the various parts of the Mediterranean from the Iberian peninsula and Southern France in the West (Firmino 1999; Pinto-Correia and Vos 2004; Sirami et al. C. This fragmented landscape is both temporally and spatially heterogeneous because of its environmental, climatic and topographic variability and its interactions with various historic events and cultures (Naveh and Liebermann 1994; Cowling et al.

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