By Rui Diogo
Gorillas, including chimpanzees, are our closest residing kinfolk. This publication is the 1st photographic and descriptive musculoskeletal atlas of a child for any non-human primate species, being quite suitable after the amazing discovery of a 3.3 million-year-old fossilized human baby at Dikika, Ethiopia ("Lucy's baby"). The e-book for this reason adopts an analogous layout as our photographic atlases of grownup gorillas, chimpanzees, hylobatids and orangutans, that are a part of a sequence of monographs that would set out the comparative and phylogenetic context of the gross anatomy and evolutionary background of the delicate tissue morphology of recent people and their closest relations. because the prior books of this sequence, the current atlas contains particular top of the range images of musculoskeletal buildings from such a lot anatomical areas of the physique in addition to textual information regarding the attachments, innervation, functionality and weight of the respective muscle tissue. besides the fact that, it comprises additional info and images in regards to the inner organs and dermis, in addition to CT-scans. The publication will be of curiosity to scholars, academics and researchers learning primatology, comparative anatomy, sensible morphology, zoology, and actual anthropology and to scientific scholars, medical professionals and researchers who're inquisitive about the starting place, evolution, homology and diversifications of the musculoskeletal buildings of recent humans.
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Extra info for Baby Gorilla: Photographic and Descriptive Atlas of Skeleton, Muscles and Internal Organs
Notes: In the gorilla fetus dissected by Deniker (1885) the sternohyoideus did not have tendinous intersections such as those that are found in at least some humans, chimpanzees, hylobatids and other primate and non-primate mammals. In the adult gorillas previously dissected by us (Diogo et al. 2010) we did also not find such tendinous intersections. Deniker (1885) stated that in the fetus gorilla analyzed by him the sternohyoideus does not contact its counterpart in the midline, but in the adult gorillas described by Duvernoy (1855–1856) and Raven (1950), as well as in the adult gorillas previously dissected by us (Diogo et al.
Notes: In the gorilla dissected by Hepburn (1892) the coracobrachialis presented variations on the two sides of the body. On the right side it arose from the tip of the coracoid process of the scapula and passed downwards and backwards to be inserted into the middle third of the inner surface of the shaft of the humerus. From the lower border of the muscle a few fibrous strands passed downwards superficial to the musculocutaneous nerve and became attached to the internal intermuscular septum; according to Hepburn (1892) these strands probably represent the ‘coracobrachialis longus’.
Arytenoideus transversus (weight not measured) • Attachments: From arytenoid cartilage to arytenoid cartilage of other side of the body. • Usual innervation: Data not available. • Synonymy: Interarytenoideus (Kohlbrügge 1896). Arytenoideus obliquus (weight not measured) • Attachments: See notes below. • Usual innervation: Data not available. • Notes: The arytenoideus obliquus was reported in gorillas by authors such as Kleinschmidt (1938), Starck & Schneider (1960) and Sonntag (1924), who stated that this muscle is actually well developed in these primates, being, at least in some cases, even broader than the arytenoideus transversus.