By Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi
Elements of Ethics examines Meinong's worth conception from an epistemological point of view and provides a serious exposition of Meinong's first makes an attempt at a deontic common sense; designated attention is given to the legislation of Omission. For that goal his idea of the a priori is tested, that is entwined together with his conception of items. The publication starts off with an epistemological and ontological attention and simplification of Meinong's universe. consequently of the mathematical improvement of his time, in particular non-Euclidean geometries, Meinong constructed the proposal of precision items and precision innovations. they're mentioned in addition to the so-called `incomplete items' and difficulties linked to them. those discussions are correct for knowing numerous technical phrases, rather innovations of values and valuations. those discussions additionally help in assessing the opportunity of understanding those recommendations a priori, and in figuring out the logical relationships among them and real valuations. we discover in Meinong's moral writings a mix of experiential and a priori wisdom. A translation is incorporated of the fragment Ethische Bausteine (Elements of Ethics), including Meinong's personal notes and people of the editors of the textual content. Vocabulary and Index are attached.
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Additional info for Alexius Meinong’s Elements of Ethics: with Translation of the Fragment Ethische Bausteine
272). Precision Objects and Precision Concepts 29 apriori and with certainty. The result of a mindless application of a memorized algorithm is not knowledge at all. It is a blind trust in the correctness of the algorithm 26 . The geometries and their various axiomatic systems may be logically consistent and are not meant to represent real space. Objects are introduced by definition and are thought by precise concepts and deal, thus, with precise objects which are ideal, and consequently objects of apriori knowledge.
Here is where Meinong resorts to examples to which he does not consistently stick 11 . He follows the lead of Locke who believed that triangle as such is neither isosceles nor equilateral, nor scalene. Triangle is undetermined in respect to these properties. And one must understand why he believed that, at least sometimes. For Meinong himself, at one occasion, equilateral triangle is not possible ideal, whereas at another occasion it and rectangular triangle are possible ideal (always remember our reduction of subsistence to possible ideal, and of aussersein to including the impossible ideaI 12 ).
The point is that geometry deals with objects of its own creation, but objects they are and they lend themselves to analysis which is purely apriori. These objects are not the result of abstraction anymore; they do not claim to represent or be part of reality. They deal with space, but with space which may not remotely resemble any real space. Anyway, the space of our perception, as many (among them Moritz Schlick) pointed out, is rounded. It is not the space of our physical and geometrical theories, which is three-dimensional: straight up, down, and sideways.