By Lincoln C. Chen, Jaime Sepulveda Amor, Sheldon J. Segal
Over the prior decade, the AIDS pandemic has propagated so commonly and exerted this sort of dev astating influence that one may possibly effectively ask the query, Why now not focus all AIDS efforts on disorder keep an eye on on my own? Why hyperlink AIDS with women's reproductive overall healthiness? what's the clinical foundation for this linkage? and the way could reduction~ keep watch over and women's healthiness targets be promot ed concurrently? those questions represent the vital topics addressed during this monograph. The 15 chapters during this quantity are meant to supply state of the art studies of key interac tions among AIDS and women's reproductive well-being for an viewers of scientists and coverage makers within the AIDS and inhabitants fields. Impetus for this monograph is available in pan from what we understand to be an insufficient international reaction, so far, to AIDS and women's health and wellbeing ;>roblems. a standard platform has didn't emerge one of the disparate expert groups operating within the components of AIDS, STDs, and relatives making plans. hence, endeavors in those fields were remoted, and possibilities for joint motion were neglected. a big and, as but, unharnessed strength exists for strength ful interdisciplinary collaborations which could enhance rules and courses opposed to those urgent illnesses of humankind.
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Extra info for AIDS and Women’s Reproductive Health
The main focus will be on factors known or thought to alter female-to-male heterosexual transmission. We will review data from recent studies conducted by our group in Nairobi that identify behavioral and biologic risk factors for HIV-1 infection in Africa. We will try to synthesize what we know into an overall model, and will propose ways in which our knowledge can be used for the design of interventions. EVOLUTION OF OUR UNDERSTANDING OF FEMALE-TO-MALE TRANSMISSION OF HIV-! 1-1 % per sexual encounter (5,6).
The idea of protecting the autonomy of the individual leads to an emphasis on informed consent and maintaining the confidentiality of medical information gathered about a patient. A second ethical principle involves balancing the good and harm to an individual that may follow so that there is a net effect of good. A third principle is to prevent harm to others in all that we do, and a fourth is to try to strive toward justice, or a fair distribution across individuals, of the burdens as well as the benefits associated with social interventions.
Twice the percentage of people in 1988 (30%) as in 1985 favored tatooing those infected with the AIDS virus. Between one in five and one in four Americans - one in three in the southern states - believe that they should not be required to work with, send their children to school with, or live near someone with AIDS. In fact, a sizable minority of those questioned thought that those with AIDS should be completely isolated from the rest of society (13). Such prejudices lead to widespread discrimination against people who have AIDS or who belong to groups at risk for AIDS.