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Download A Critical Introduction to Khomeini by Arshin Adib-Moghaddam PDF

By Arshin Adib-Moghaddam

Because the architect of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini is still the most inspirational and enigmatic figures of the 20 th century. The revolution positioned Iran on the leading edge of center East politics and the Islamic revival. 20 years after his demise, Khomeini is respected as a non secular and political figurehead in Iran and in huge swathes of the Islamic global, whereas within the West he's remembered by means of many as a dictator and the instigator of Islamist war of words. Arshin Adib-Moghaddam brings jointly exclusive and rising students during this finished quantity, which covers all features of Khomeini's existence and seriously examines Khomeini the baby-kisser, the thinker, and the religious chief, whereas contemplating his legacy in Iran and extra afield in different components of the Islamic global and the West. Written via students from various disciplines, the booklet will turn out precious to scholars and basic readers drawn to the lifestyles and instances of Khomeini and the politics that he encouraged.

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Acknowledgments The idea for this book came about in a Eureka moment over drinks with Marigold Acland at Browns in Cambridge. She believed in this project from the outset, and carried it through with unmistakable vigor. I would also like to thank my PhD students, Sasan Aghlani, George Norman Fernee, and Mohammad Shabani, who contributed to the editorial process and various other research tasks related to the book. I have followed a simple and accessible transliteration approach that adheres to the most common versions of foreign terms as they are used in English.

Confined were the abstract and contemplative ideas of the classical philosophers during the heydays of Muslim empires when Islam was not a contested ideational commodity. 42 The era of the postcolonial nation-state in the Muslim world changed all of that. It turned Islam into a contested ideational system and a space of immense contestation. Islam, being Muslim, after all, is also about identity, whether it is individual, religious and imperial or – since the break-up of the Ottoman Empire in the early twentieth century – national.

See muqalid. Marja’iyat See Marja-e Taqlid. Mazhab (Pl. Mazaheb) (Arabic: Madhab) School of fiqh, usually refers to four most orthodox Sunni schools (Hanbali, Hanafi, Maliki, Shaf’i) and two most orthodox Shi’i schools (Ja’fari, Zaydi), but also to a number of minority schools. Mojahedin-e Khalq (MEK) People’s Mojahedin of Iran, a Marxist-Islamic terrorist organization established in 1965. Mostakberin (Arabic: Mostakbaran) Oppressor. Mostazafin (Arabic: Mustaddafan) Oppressed. Motlaqeh Vali-ye Faqih Absolute guardian jurist, with the absolute authority to rescind and introduce laws according to his interpretation of fiqh, and (if necessary) according to broader political objectives associated with safeguarding an Islamic state.

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