By Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
Because the architect of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini is still the most inspirational and enigmatic figures of the 20 th century. The revolution positioned Iran on the leading edge of center East politics and the Islamic revival. 20 years after his demise, Khomeini is respected as a non secular and political figurehead in Iran and in huge swathes of the Islamic global, whereas within the West he's remembered by means of many as a dictator and the instigator of Islamist war of words. Arshin Adib-Moghaddam brings jointly exclusive and rising students during this finished quantity, which covers all features of Khomeini's existence and seriously examines Khomeini the baby-kisser, the thinker, and the religious chief, whereas contemplating his legacy in Iran and extra afield in different components of the Islamic global and the West. Written via students from various disciplines, the booklet will turn out precious to scholars and basic readers drawn to the lifestyles and instances of Khomeini and the politics that he encouraged.
Read or Download A Critical Introduction to Khomeini PDF
Similar middle east books
Because the past due Sixties, the towns of the United Arab Emirates have skilled unparalleled improvement and sped up building. seen within the context of the explicit surroundings and cultural cloth of this desolate tract quarter in Arabia, the arriving of contemporary structure has been coupled with vast cultivation initiatives applied in an initially barren panorama.
On January sixteen, 1979, the shah of Iran left the rustic he had governed for greater than 37 years. The streets of Tehran, Iran's capital, full of occasion because the information unfold that the hated monarchy were overthrown. The revolution in Iran, led by way of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, used to be sparked by way of many elements, together with a widening hole among the various periods of Iranian society, an competitive crusade of modernization, an bold software of land reform, and the brutality of the shah's oppressive regime.
This quantity offers for the 1st time in English Tabari's entire account of the twenty-year lengthy reign of the 5th caliph, Mu'awiyah (661-680). the significance of this account lies in part in Tabari's citation of significant parts of the paintings of past authors, akin to Abu Mikhnaf and different eighth-century compilers.
The writer bargains an perception into how the Arabic-Islamic international perceived medieval Western Europe, refuting earlier claims that the Muslim global appeared Western Europe as a cultural backwater, as an alternative arguing for the presence of cultural and knowledge flows among the 2 very various societies.
- Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions: The Global Struggle for Palestinian Rights
- Operation Desert Shield: The First 90 Days
- Field Notes: The Making of Middle East Studies in the United States
- Realities of Azerbaijan 1917-1920
Extra info for A Critical Introduction to Khomeini
Acknowledgments The idea for this book came about in a Eureka moment over drinks with Marigold Acland at Browns in Cambridge. She believed in this project from the outset, and carried it through with unmistakable vigor. I would also like to thank my PhD students, Sasan Aghlani, George Norman Fernee, and Mohammad Shabani, who contributed to the editorial process and various other research tasks related to the book. I have followed a simple and accessible transliteration approach that adheres to the most common versions of foreign terms as they are used in English.
Confined were the abstract and contemplative ideas of the classical philosophers during the heydays of Muslim empires when Islam was not a contested ideational commodity. 42 The era of the postcolonial nation-state in the Muslim world changed all of that. It turned Islam into a contested ideational system and a space of immense contestation. Islam, being Muslim, after all, is also about identity, whether it is individual, religious and imperial or – since the break-up of the Ottoman Empire in the early twentieth century – national.
See muqalid. Marja’iyat See Marja-e Taqlid. Mazhab (Pl. Mazaheb) (Arabic: Madhab) School of fiqh, usually refers to four most orthodox Sunni schools (Hanbali, Hanafi, Maliki, Shaf’i) and two most orthodox Shi’i schools (Ja’fari, Zaydi), but also to a number of minority schools. Mojahedin-e Khalq (MEK) People’s Mojahedin of Iran, a Marxist-Islamic terrorist organization established in 1965. Mostakberin (Arabic: Mostakbaran) Oppressor. Mostazafin (Arabic: Mustaddafan) Oppressed. Motlaqeh Vali-ye Faqih Absolute guardian jurist, with the absolute authority to rescind and introduce laws according to his interpretation of fiqh, and (if necessary) according to broader political objectives associated with safeguarding an Islamic state.